Of the 164,690 diagnosed cases of prostate cancer last year, approximately 29,500 deaths occurred. Almost a third of cancer diagnoses in men are from prostate cancer, and nearly all patients are over 50 at the time of diagnosis. One of the biggest problems is that initially, the symptoms go unnoticed.
Sometimes Problems Can Go Undetected
When it comes to any prostate cancer symptoms bourbonnais il physicians say at the early stage, there are no typical symptoms that indicate a malignant tumor. The person concerned initially does not notice anything. Complaints usually do not appear until the tumor has become so large that it spreads to the urethra or when metastases have formed outside the prostate, typically in the bones.
At an early stage only examinations can reveal prostate cancer. Symptoms begin to appear as the enlarged gland starts to grow. Perhaps you notice your urine flow is just a small trickle, compared to the flow in earlier times, and it takes a long time to empty your bladder. Also, those bathroom breaks are occurring much more frequently. That progression of events is typical of men undergoing a common phenomenon of an enlarged prostate.
While it doesn’t mean cancer is on the horizon, men should get a full examination of the prostate to check its healthy status. The goal of early detection measures is to make a timely diagnosis if there is a problem. Doctors point out, it’s far better to diagnose a tumor when it small, and not causing any discomfort. Because then the treatment and thus chances of recovery are greatest.
Specialists in urology recommend to all men from the age of 40 to have their prostate examined once a year. Doctors will perform a PSA test. The PSA is a protein that is formed by the glandular cells of the prostate. The normal PSA level in healthy men is in the range of zero to two and one-half billionths of a gram. In prostate cancer, the PSA concentration in the blood is usually increased.
PSA alone is not a sure sign of cancer, because there are many more reasons for an altered PSA value. Research shows that only one in four men with a PSA between four and ten nanograms per milliliter actually have prostate cancer. Conversely, just as elevated PSA levels may not always indicate prostate cancer, “normal” PSA levels do not fully exclude prostate cancer. Therefore, in addition to PSA testing doctors will examine external organs, like genitalia and rectum.
Practicing An Ounce Of Prevention
Things you can do that may lower the risk of prostate cancer is eat healthier. Low-fat, high-fiber foods and a menu rich in omega-3 fatty acids, and staying physically active are the best prevention tools for cancer. Experts say fish, like salmon and sardines, tomatoes, and vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage are just a few food choices that diminish any risk of cancer. The right treatment for each man depends on his stage of cancer and how aggressively the cancer cells are growing, so it’s best to consult with a doctor.